There are five: Petroleum distillates (mineral spirits, naphtha, etc.) Alcohols (methanol, denatured alcohol, etc.) Ketones (acetone, MEK, etc.)
What is a petroleum distillate?
Petroleum Distillates are dark yellow to brown or green-black liquids with a mild gasoline or kerosene-like odor. They are a complex blend of Hydrocarbons used in making petroleum products.
What chemicals are in petroleum distillates?
Benzene, toluene, xylene, naphtha, kerosene, mineral oil, paraffin wax, and the major part of gasoline are also distillations of petroleum. Taken as a group the solvents in this list are also known as hydrocarbons because they are made up entirely of the elements hydrogen and carbon.
What are some petroleum based solvents?
Solvents include petroleum-based sol- vents such as mineral spirits, stoddard solvent, and petroleum naptha, and organic solvents such as trichloroethane, trichlorethylene, benzene, and xylenes.
Is Vaseline a petroleum distillate?
High molecular weight: These include hydrocarbons of petroleum distillate origin, such as petroleum jelly (Vaseline) and paraffin wax. They are petroleum distillates that are derived at boiling points of 300°C and higher.
Is petroleum distillate an active ingredient?
Petroleum distillates are separated from crude oil for many industrial uses. They can be found on a pesticide product label as active or “other/inert” ingredients. Mineral oil, naphtha, heavy fuel oil, waxes, and benzene are examples of petroleum distillates.
Are pesticides made from petroleum?
Petroleum chemicals, such as ethylene, propylene, and methane, are the source of many pesticides. The heating, distillation, stirring, and drying processes in manufacture also use electricity, natural gas, steam, and additional petroleum sources.
Is petroleum toxic to humans?
Adverse health effects can include skin irritation, eye irritation, dizziness, headache, nausea and, and in extreme cases, death (2). Because petroleum is widely used, unintentional acute releases can occur almost anywhere.
Is petroleum distillate toxic?
Prolonged exposure to petroleum distillates is known to cause skin drying or cracking, a condition known as dermatitis. … In addition to contact dermatitis, petroleum distillates are often contaminated with carcinogens which are absorbed through the skin, potentially leading to harmful levels of toxins in the body.
Is motor oil considered a petroleum product?
Petroleum products include transportation fuels, fuel oils for heating and electricity generation, asphalt and road oil, and feedstocks for making the chemicals, plastics, and synthetic materials that are in nearly everything we use.