Thus the final product of chlorination of methane in the sunlight is carbon tetrachloride, i.e. option D is the correct answer. How Does a Catalyst Affect The Rate of Chemical Reactions?
What is the by product during chlorination of methane?
In this step, one hydrogen atom of methane is replaced by the chlorine atom. Thus, it is a substitution reaction. The product formed is known as chloromethane.
How many products can be obtained by chlorination of methane?
1. Free Radical Halogenation Of Methane And Ethane Can Give Only One Monochlorinated Product. In the last post we discussed mono-chlorination of methane. It’s easy to talk about this reaction since all the hydrogens are equal.
What is the action of chlorine on methane?
Complete answer: When methane reacts with chlorine a substitution reaction occurs and the organic product is chloromethane. But the reaction doesn’t stop there, and further reactions go on where all the hydrogens in the methane get replaced by chlorine atoms.
What will be the major product of chlorination of methane if a large excess of chlorine is used?
In the case of methane, a large excess of the hydrocarbon favors formation of methyl chloride as the chief product; whereas, an excess of chlorine favors formation of chloroform and carbon tetrachloride.
How do you account for chlorination of methane?
The organic product is chloromethane. One of the hydrogen atoms in the methane has been replaced by a chlorine atom, so this is a substitution reaction. However, the reaction does not stop there, and all the hydrogens in the methane can in turn be replaced by chlorine atoms.
Which product is obtained when chloromethane is reduced?
two chloromethane molecules react to form ethane.
How many Monochlorinated product is obtained?
Total fourteen monochlorinated products can be obtained from all the isomeric alkanes having the formula C5H10 (excluding stereoisomers).
What is the action of cl2 on methane?
When methane reacts with chlorine in presence of sunlight, it undergoes chlorination to form methyl chloride. CH4+Cl2hv CH3Cl+HCl. This reaction go on further to produce polyhalogen derivative of alkane until all the hydrogen atom on methane is replaced by the corresponding number of the chlorine atom.
What happens when methane reacts with chlorine in sunlight?
(a) Methane reacts with chlorine in the presence of sunlight to form chloromethane and hydrogen chloride. This reaction is called substitution reaction.
Which reacts explosively with methane?
Methane reacts violently with OXIDIZING AGENTS (such as PERCHLORATES, PEROXIDES, PERMANGANATES, CHLORATES, NITRATES, CHLORINE, BROMINE and FLUORINE). Methane can react violently with boiling WATER and cold WATER. Liquefied Methane combined with liquefied OXYGEN can form an explosive mixture.
What is the source of energy used to react chlorine with methane?
The source of energy used to react with chlorine and methane is ultraviolet rays or in the presence of sunlight. This reaction is an example of Photo-chemical reaction. Photo-chemical reaction is the type of chemical reaction in which energy is imparted to the reactants by the light or reactions initiated by light.
Why are alkanes unreactive?
Alkanes are saturated hydrocarbons. This means that their carbon atoms are joined to each other by single bonds. This makes them relatively unreactive, apart from their reaction with oxygen in the air – which we call burning or combustion.