Question: What are the products of fractional distillation of crude oil and their uses?

The crude petroleum oil obtained from oil field, undergoes fractional distillation and a number of products are generated. These products of fractional distillation include, petrol (or gasoline), naptha, kerosene, diesel oil, lubricating oil, fuel oil, grease and wax, and some residue.

What are the products obtained and uses of fractional distillation of crude oil?

Petrol, Diesel and Kerosene are all products (or fractions) of the process of refining Petroleum. On an industrial scale, the different fractions of Petroleum are separated out by fractional distillation. The Petroleum is heated up, and the gas produced enters the fractionating column.

What are the products of crude oil and their uses?

Petroleum, or Motor Gasoline

  • Diesel. Diesel is the second most common product made from crude oil, with around 12 US gallons going towards it from every barrel.
  • Jet Fuel. Around 10% of the crude oil in a US barrel goes towards jet fuel and powering aeroplanes.
  • Liquefied Petroleum Gases (LPG) …
  • Kerosene. …
  • Biofuels.

What is the first product of fractional distillation of crude oil?

Fractional distillation of crude oil yields a product boiling between 30°C and about 200°C, known as straight-run gasoline (or sometimes as “naphtha”).

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What are the products of fractional distillation of crude oil?

The crude petroleum oil obtained from oil field, undergoes fractional distillation and a number of products are generated. These products of fractional distillation include, petrol (or gasoline), naptha, kerosene, diesel oil, lubricating oil, fuel oil, grease and wax, and some residue.

What products are obtained by fractional distillation of crude oil?

The products obtained from the fractional distillation of petroleum is Petrol (or gasoline), naptha, kerosene, diesel oil, lubricating oil, fuel oil, grease wax, and some residue.

What product is the biggest consumer of crude oil?

The 10 biggest oil consuming nations account for more than 58% of the world’s total oil consumption per day. The United States is the world’s biggest oil consumer, followed by China, Japan and India.

What happens when crude oil is distilled?

Fractional distillation separates a mixture into a number of different parts, called fractions. Crude oil is a mixture of hydrocarbons . … The crude oil is evaporated and its vapours condense at different temperatures in the fractionating column.

What is produced from a barrel of oil?

Petroleum refineries in the United States produce about 19 to 20 gallons of motor gasoline and 11 to 12 gallons of ultra-low sulfur distillate fuel oil (most of which is sold as diesel fuel and in several states as heating oil) from one 42-gallon barrel of crude oil.

Why is bitumen not used as a fuel?

Bitumen itself is a black and very sticky liquid. It’s also highly viscous and so full of carbon that it cannot be used for combustion (unlike gasoline, diesel and jet fuel).

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